Category: fatwas about fasting
The ruling regarding the woman who knows that she will be pure of her menses after dawn
If a woman knows that she will be pure of her menses in the next morning. Is she required to fast that day and make up for it because she did not determine to fast since the night? Is her fasting valid? May Allah reward you with good.
All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds. Peace and blessing be upon whom Allah sent as a mercy to the Worlds, upon his Family, his Companions and his Brothers till the Day of Resurrection.
If a menstruating woman becomes pure before dawn, or she knows that she will be pure after it, in the beginning of the day of Ramadan, and she does not break her fasting, this latter is valid and she should not make up for that day, because determining to fast since the night – in the second case – is not possible. It is said that this case is an exception of the hadith which is reported by Hafsa رضي الله عنها that the Prophet صلَّى الله عليه وسلَّم said: “He who does not determine to fast before dawn, his fasting is not valid”(1). This hadith is a proof that it is obligatory to intend to fast. This intention [of fasting] should be held in one of the parts of the night; but this concerns he who can do it, because “There is no accountability except for something we can do”.
Hereupon, everyone who could not observe it, and for whom it appears that he should fast in the beginning of the day [and he fasts], makes an exception. This case is similar to the boy who reaches puberty, the foolish man who becomes sane and the disbeliever who converts to Islam. It is, also, similar to the one who does not know that the present day is one of the days of Ramadan; and this according to the hadith reported by Salama Ibn Al-Akwa` and Ar-Rubayyi` Bint Mu`awwidh, which is narrated by Al-Bukhâri and Muslim that the Prophet صلَّى الله عليه وسلَّم: ordered a man of the tribe of Aslam to call on people and say: “Whoever had eaten should fast the rest of the day, and whoever had not eaten should continue his fasting”(2).
The perfect knowledge belongs to Allah. Our last prayer is all praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds. Peace and blessing be upon our Prophet صلَّى الله عليه وسلَّم, his Family, his Companions and Brothers till the Day of Resurrection.
(1) Reported by Abu Dâwûd, chapter of “Fasting” (hadith 2456), At-Tirmidhi, chapter of “Fasting” (hadith 734), An-Nassâ'i, chapter of “Fasting” (hadith 2345), Ahmad (hadith 27214), Ad-Dâraqutni in his “Sunan” (hadith 2239) and Al-Bayhaqi (hadith 8161) on the authority of Hafsa رضي الله عنها. It is judged authentic by Al-Albâni in “Sahîh Al-Jâmi`” (hadith 6538) and in “Al-Mishkât” (hadith 1987).
(2) Reported by Al-Bukhâri, chapter of “Fasting” (hadith 1924) and (hadith 1960) and Muslim, chapter of “Fasting” on the authority of Salama Ibn Al-Akwa` and Ar-Rubayyi` Bint Mu`awwidh رضي الله عنهم.