Fatwa n° 551
Category: Fatwas about Family - End of the marriage contract - Divorce
Concerning the dissolution of a religious marriage contract because of the husband’s procrastination
A Muslim brother has concluded the religious marriage contract with me, and from that time he did neither ask about me nor contact me; even more, I don’t know anything about him. And when I contacted his family, they replied that they do not interfere in his affairs, knowing that they were informed about this marriage. Given this fact, two years and half have gone by since we got married in such away; I have been in suspense since all that period. Yet when I informed him that I cannot stay in such a situation, he kept silent and did not do anything until now. So, what shall I do? May Allah reward you.
All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds. Peace and blessing be upon whom Allah sent as a mercy to the Worlds, upon his Family, his Companions and his Brothers until the Day of Resurrection:
The woman has the right to compel him (her future husband) via her parents to determine an appointed time to accomplish their marriage and consummate it, and to lodge her in a suitable house in a way that he should not be away from her, according to the conditions that were stipulated (between them) in the contract. Nonetheless, if he refuses or oversteps the appointed time (of the marriage), then she has the right to breach the contract and give him back what he has given in a dissolution assembly held by her parents whether or not he is present, and whether he sends someone to represent him or not. All this, provided that the contract concluded was a religious contract; but if it is a civil contract, then she has to present her case to the judge so that he dissolves the contract between them.
The perfect knowledge belongs to Allah عزَّ وجلَّ; and our last prayer is all the praises and thanks are to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds, and prayers of Allah are to Muhammad and his Family, Companions and Brothers until the Day of Resurrection.
Algiers: Shawwâl 22nd, 1427 H
Corresponding to: November 14th, 2006 G.